Obesity can be defined as a disease of the modern age, and its considered one of the biggest public health problems today, with an exponential increase rate and pandemic proportions.
Professionally, we define it as a chronic endocrine-metabolic disorder characterized by excessive accumulation of fatty tissue due to excessive energy intake, which over certain time period causes complications in proper function of other organic systems.
Simply, excessive body mass and obesity are defined as “abnormal” or excessive accumulation of fat tissue puts ones nutritional and health status at risk.
Obesity is usually caused by a combination of excessive energy intake and lack of physical activity, meaning that total energy intake per day is greater than its expenditure. A person gains weight because excess energy is stored in body reserves as extra fat. There is also a genetic predisposition to obesity development, but very few cases of obesity are primarily caused by genes.
Vital importance to a healthy lifestyle and psychophysical balance is implementing healthy eating habits as well as the continuous, everyday physical activity. Recent studies have shown that excess body mass inhibits about 620 genes and creates the basis for the development of various health disorders.
The well known fact is that excessive body mass or obesity itself disrupts health. Medical intervention is often required in solving the problem of weight loss and maintenance of ideal body mass.
By regulating body mass and weight loss, and maintaining an ideal body mass, the person converts acquired knowledge into lifestyle with a drastically reduced health risk.
It is estimated that around 60% of the population in the Republic of Croatia has excessive body mass and about 20% of the adult population is obese, equally affecting both genders It is estimated that a new researches currently being carried out will show much more alarming figures – 30% of obese adults.